Births and induced abortions in Slovenia since 1970s
ESC Congress Library. Tomšič S. 05/28/14; 50457; A-040
Sonja Tomšič
Sonja Tomšič
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Abstract
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Objectives



Induced abortion rate reflects level of knowledge about modern contraception, access to contraception and quality of family planning services. In Slovenia induced abortion is available until gestational week 10 on woman's request, later only with the approval of a special committee. This legislation regarding induced abortion was adopted in 1977 and has not changed since then.


Modern contraception use also influences birth rates which have changed significantly in the past decades in many developed countries and also in Slovenia. We experienced a major decline in number of births in 1980s and 1990s with an increase in the last decade.


With this analysis we want to present what are the trends in induced abortions in Slovenia in relation to births in the last 40 years.



Method



For this analysis we used the data from Perinatal Information System and Information System on Fetal Deaths. Both information systems are national registries and contain data on all births and fetal deaths in Slovenia.



Results



The highest birth rate in the last 40 years in Slovenia was in the year 1979 (65.9 live born children per 1000 women in childbearing period) and has declined to almost half in 1999 (33.6 per 1000). In 2003 it started to grow again and reached 46.2 per 1000 in 2012. In the last three years the birth rates were rather stable.


Induced abortion rate has reached its peak in 1982 when there were 41 legal abortions per 1000 women in childbearing period. Since then the abortion rate is steadily declining. In 2012 it was 8,7 per 1000. Teenage pregnancies are not prevalent in Slovenia, since both birth and abortion rate among teenagers are very low. The highest abortion rate is among women in the age group 25 to 34 years, where there is also the highest birth rate. In almost half of the cases induced abortions are performed in women with previous pregnancy that resulted as birth.



Conclusions



In Slovenia abortions are legal on woman's request since 1977. Since 1982 abortion rates are constantly declining. This decline reflects good availability and use of modern contraception. The highest prevalence of abortions is in women aged 25-34, teenage abortions are not prevalent.


Objectives



Induced abortion rate reflects level of knowledge about modern contraception, access to contraception and quality of family planning services. In Slovenia induced abortion is available until gestational week 10 on woman's request, later only with the approval of a special committee. This legislation regarding induced abortion was adopted in 1977 and has not changed since then.


Modern contraception use also influences birth rates which have changed significantly in the past decades in many developed countries and also in Slovenia. We experienced a major decline in number of births in 1980s and 1990s with an increase in the last decade.


With this analysis we want to present what are the trends in induced abortions in Slovenia in relation to births in the last 40 years.



Method



For this analysis we used the data from Perinatal Information System and Information System on Fetal Deaths. Both information systems are national registries and contain data on all births and fetal deaths in Slovenia.



Results



The highest birth rate in the last 40 years in Slovenia was in the year 1979 (65.9 live born children per 1000 women in childbearing period) and has declined to almost half in 1999 (33.6 per 1000). In 2003 it started to grow again and reached 46.2 per 1000 in 2012. In the last three years the birth rates were rather stable.


Induced abortion rate has reached its peak in 1982 when there were 41 legal abortions per 1000 women in childbearing period. Since then the abortion rate is steadily declining. In 2012 it was 8,7 per 1000. Teenage pregnancies are not prevalent in Slovenia, since both birth and abortion rate among teenagers are very low. The highest abortion rate is among women in the age group 25 to 34 years, where there is also the highest birth rate. In almost half of the cases induced abortions are performed in women with previous pregnancy that resulted as birth.



Conclusions



In Slovenia abortions are legal on woman's request since 1977. Since 1982 abortion rates are constantly declining. This decline reflects good availability and use of modern contraception. The highest prevalence of abortions is in women aged 25-34, teenage abortions are not prevalent.

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