Health education and Promotion
ESC Congress Library. Boutas I. May 28, 2014; 50466; A-049
Mr. Ioannis Boutas
Mr. Ioannis Boutas
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Abstract
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Introduction


Health education in schools is a purposeful educational process not only with multidisciplinary nature, but also interdisciplinary, which helps to improve the connection between school and social reality. The purpose of Health Education and Promotion is to protect, improve and promote students’ mental, physical and social health, in order to develop their skills and critical thinking on the one hand and to upgrade their social and physical environment on the other hand.


Discussion


The Health Education and Promotion is thought the primary prevention, namely prevention, which is directly related to the manner and way of life. The objectives of Health Education and Promotion are several. For example, upgrade of school life and connection to reality, prevention of exclusion young people of the society and the labor market, developing skills and configuration with critical stance, reducing school failure and dropping out of compulsory education. The modern methodology of Health Education and Promotion is not a simple accumulation of information and knowledge in special health issues, but also the development of skills to adopt positive behaviors that protect and promote health through active and experiential learning. The implementation of Health Education and Promotion school programs based on active/ experiential learning, intends to change students’ attitudes and behaviors enhancing accountability, communication, confidence, self-esteem, personality and students’ ability to adopt healthy lifestyles. The first stage of the cycle of active learning act-experience is the stage of activities where information comes naturally through experience. The Health Education programs place students at the heart, specifically adapted to their needs and specific characteristics and encourage teamwork procedures and methods. The teacher’s role in the implementation of these programs is important and catalytic. His role is coordinator role also. Indicates to students what they will do, but attempts to extract and to help them discover their personal needs.


Conclusion



Although useful reports of Health Education and Promotion in the individual matters of the program, have the disadvantage that the information is given fragmentary and incoherently, being subservient to the needs and practices of the promoted course. Surveys have shown that deliberate issues’ negotiation such as nutrition, safety, sexual and in general, physical development, drug use and emotional health, as far as Health Education and Promotion programs concerned, have shown better results on students’ cognitive and metacognitive subjects in regard with the negotiation of same subjects integrated in the daily school practice.

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