Adolescence and contraception: myths and misconceptions
ESC Congress Library. Antunes I. May 28, 2014; 50481; A-064
Dr. Inês Antunes
Dr. Inês Antunes
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Abstract
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 Adolescent reproductive and sexual health continues to be a challenge, especially regarding unintended pregnancy. According to the literature the high risk behaviors can be minimized if the teenagers are informed and motivated to use contraception.


Objective: To evaluate the level of knowledge about contraception of high school students attending public Schools of our capital city.


Design & Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire survey of high-school students (14-18 years old) in reproductive and sexual health education sessions organized by our institution. (N=150).


Results: Six point eight percent think that elective abortion is an illegal procedure; 41% state that during one's menstruation there's no risk of getting pregnant; 12 and 25,7 % consider, respectively, coitus interruptus and periodic abstinence very efficient contraception; 73% think that oral contraception cannot be used for long-term periods;  37,5% don't know about emergency contraception; 10,8%, 35,8% and 12,2% consider, respectively, that oral, vaginal ring and subcutaneous implant contraception protect against sexually transmitted diseases.


Conclusions: The results show that there are still important myths and misconceptions about contraception.  When dealing with adolescents it's essential to know their level of knowledge, in order to improve educational actions. It's vital to give them correct and assertive information to prevent unintended pregnancy and help them have a healthy reproductive and sexual experience.

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