Influence of Male Decision-making and Sociocultural Factors in the use of Contraceptive Methods by Women in Niger
ESC Congress Library. Owoundi J. 05/28/14; 50505; A-090
Mr. Joseph Parfait Owoundi
Mr. Joseph Parfait Owoundi
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Abstract
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Niger is one of the worldwide countries where Muslims are majorities (98.7 % of Muslims and 1% of Christians in 2006. Five Ethnicity groups are also majorities. We have as follow: Djerma Songhai (25.4%); Haoussa (42.8% ); Toureg (13.2%) ; Kanouri, ( 7.7%) and Peulhs (6.9%). Six main factors have a great influence in the use of contraception: We have: the age of people, the type of place of residence, the facto place of residence, the highest educational level, religion and ethnicity. In 2012, when women decided to stop the use of contraception, the reason of last discontinuation is mainly the need of pregnancy (52.3%). In Niger, population wants more children (20.4% of women and 31.4% of men in 2006) and do not use more contraception (86.4% of women and 91.2% of men in 2012). For the moment, a large part of people do not intend to use contraception (50.5% of women in 2012 relative to 62.2% in 2006). Three main reasons are relevant to explain the very highest level of Fertility in Niger. We have the desire of more children, the religion prohibit and the opposition of both men and women into the use of contraception.
Niger is one of the worldwide countries where Muslims are majorities (98.7 % of Muslims and 1% of Christians in 2006. Five Ethnicity groups are also majorities. We have as follow: Djerma Songhai (25.4%); Haoussa (42.8% ); Toureg (13.2%) ; Kanouri, ( 7.7%) and Peulhs (6.9%). Six main factors have a great influence in the use of contraception: We have: the age of people, the type of place of residence, the facto place of residence, the highest educational level, religion and ethnicity. In 2012, when women decided to stop the use of contraception, the reason of last discontinuation is mainly the need of pregnancy (52.3%). In Niger, population wants more children (20.4% of women and 31.4% of men in 2006) and do not use more contraception (86.4% of women and 91.2% of men in 2012). For the moment, a large part of people do not intend to use contraception (50.5% of women in 2012 relative to 62.2% in 2006). Three main reasons are relevant to explain the very highest level of Fertility in Niger. We have the desire of more children, the religion prohibit and the opposition of both men and women into the use of contraception.
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