The Fertility Characteristics of the Seasonal Migratory Agricultural Women in Turkey
ESC Congress Library. Gözükara F. May 28, 2014; 50513; A-098
Assoc. Prof. Fatma Gözükara
Assoc. Prof. Fatma Gözükara
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Abstract
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Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the fertility characteristics of the seasonal migratory agricultural women (SMAW) in the high risk group of the agricultural sector. Design & Method: It was analysed the representative multi-purpose cross-sectional research data of ‘The Need Assessment Survey of Migratory Seasonal Workers and Their Families-2011’ conducted by Harran University and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). In this survey, it was reached 1021 household (response rate was 85.2%), and 757 reproductive aged married women using by cluster sampling method, and evaluated the fertility characteristics. The Fertility Questionanire was developed the research consultants, and  conducted pilot test. The university ethics committee approval was taken also the approval of the participants too. The data entry and the analyses were done by using the SPSS 11.5, and fertility indicators were calculated. Results: In this study, the crude birth rate of SAMW was 39.5‰, the total  fertility rate was 4.94, and the avarage live bith  was 6.36 in 40-49 aged women. It was also identified that 9.0% of the 15-19 women has already became pregnant at least once, and 7.2% of them had live birth at least once. It was also determined that 40.9% of the married women become mother before the age of 18, 71.0% of the married women under the age of 19.  The mean ideal number of children was 4.5 ± 2.0. When the attitude of the interbirth of the women is being researched, %38.7 of them choose to give birth in less than 2 years. Also it was determined that %46.9 of the women have miscarriage and %19.9 of them have a story of still birth. %26.0 of the women indicated that they did not take antenatal care during their last pregnancy, %27.2 of them gave birth at their home or in the field area. There was a significant association between education level, duration of agricultural worker and antenatal care. Conclusions: It was determined that the level of fertility of SMAW was very high, and  1 women in every 4 did not reach the antenatal care services because of working condition. All these indicators are higher than the Turkey average. When the results are considered, SMAWs are in the high risk group, therefore it should be given prioritize to access  public health reproductive services for this group.

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