Emergency Contraception: a survey among Portuguese media professionals working on health issues
ESC Congress Library. Vicente L. May 28, 2014; 50534; A-119
Dr. Lisa Vicente
Dr. Lisa Vicente
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Abstract
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Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate knowledge and attitudes about Emergency Contraception (EC) among media professionals working on health.


Methods: This is a prospective observational study conducted through an online confidential inquiry sent to professional e-mail.  Selection criteria were: being a media professional (newspaper, magazine, radio or TV programs), presently working on health, gender and Equality issues. A mail was sent explaining the aim of the study to a total of 68 potential participants.  Those who consented to participate received an automatic e-mail with access to the questionnaire. Individual answers were blinded to enable confidentiality. Questionnaire included questions on professional and socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge about CE use and access; attitudes were tested using a 5 –item Likert Scale. Data collection occurred from May 2013 to October 2013. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS version 21.0.


Results:  We received 21 answers which represents 30.9% of the initial 68 contacts. Among those who answer 90.5% were female; mean age was 39 years (range: 25-53 y); mean years of professional activity was 15.,5 y (3 – 26 y) and 65% (13) worked in written press. All participants knew the “morning after pill” expression, but 2 (9.5%) did not know the expression “emergency contraception”. All agreed with the importance to approach this issue (CE) but only 47.6% had already written/worked on it.


In our sample, 71% knew that CE was sold-over-the counter, but 62% did not know or was not sure if CE was available free of charge in National Health Services. 85.7% knew the some or all of EC indications. Regarding time for use of CE 38 % answered correctly and 61,9% answered that CE had the same contraindications as “regular pill”.


Most responders (80.9%) agreed at least partially with the expression that EC was a “hormonal bomb”, that it was an important method to prevent pregnancy (57,2 %), that it was a safe method (57,2%). Among responders, 42,9% didn´t  know or was not sure if CE had future impact on fertility.  66,7% at least partially disagree that CE is an abortive method. Professionals who had already written about CE had a better knowledge about its use and more frequently positive attitudes.


 


Conclusions: This was an exploratory study on Knowledge and Attitudes among a special professional group, which is frequently stated as reference for information. This information that can be used to implement more effective communication strategies on emergency contraception.

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