Knowledge of Sexually Transmitted Diseases of Seasonal Migratory Agricultural Worker's in Turkey
ESC Congress Library. Ersin F. May 28, 2014; 50648; A-233
Assoc. Prof. Fatma Ersin
Assoc. Prof. Fatma Ersin
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Abstract
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Objective: This study was conducted to determine the knowledge of the seasonal migratory agricultural worker’s (SMAW) on sexually transmitted diseases. Design & Method: It was analysed the representative multi-purpose cross-sectional research data of ‘The Need Assessment Survey of Migratory Seasonal Workers and Their Families-2011’ conducted by Harran University and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). In this survey, it was reached 2275 participants older than 18 age (1064 men;1211 women) in 1021 SMAWs’ households (response rate was 85,2%) using by probability cluster sampling method selected by Turkish Statistical Institution. In this study, the variables of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Questinnaire were analysed. The University Ethics Committee approval was taken, also the approval of the participants too. The data entry and the analyses were done by using the SPSS 11,5 and descriptive statistics were calculated. Results: 46.8 % of the SMAW was men, and 53.2% was women. The mean age of the participants; women was 29.5±10.6, men was 33.1 ±14.0. 28.3% of the women, and 57,7%  men reported that they have heard about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The often-heard STDs by female were HIV/AIDS (22%), hepatitis (8.5%), fungal infections (7.8%), papilloma (2.7%), gonorrhea (1.4%), syphilis (1.2%); men reported 47.1%, 20.4%, 7.3%, 4.3%, 8.1%, 3.3% respectively.  26.4% of women, and 54,2% men reported that there is effective prevention method againts STDs. The most reported preventive methods from women and men were not to have sexual intercourse, condom usage, reliable partner. When the health problems caused by STDs asked all participants. Women reports were;  11.5 % was cancer, 5.5% was infertility, 3% was infection diseases, 2.1% was inguinal pain,1.7% was  sexual anorexia. Also %14 of men stated that it would cause cancer, 6.8% was  infertility, 3% was sexual anorexia, 1.7% was inguinal pain, and 1.7% was infection diseases. Conclusions: Consequently, it is clear that the SMAW are highly under the risk  in view of lack of knowledge on sexually transmitted diseases and prevention methods. It should be conduct awareness program and community health education interventios.

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