Contraceptive knowledge among Mexican adolescents
ESC Congress Library. Marin V. May 4, 2016; 126864; A-038
Victor Marin
Victor Marin
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Abstract
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Objectives:

To estimate the overall knowledge of contraceptive methods among adolescents attending an adolescent medical unit.

Methods:

Data collection was performed using a previously validated anonymous questionnaire, consisting of 11 multiple-choice questions regarding contraception. The survey was conducted among 85 adolescents (between the ages of 13 to 19), mostly women (89.1%). Data are presented in frequency distribution tables.

Results:

86% of the respondents had previously had sexual intercourse. About 62% had been or were pregnant at the time. 65% believed that the male condom was the most effective method to prevent pregnancy (when compared to oral contraceptives, IUD, and implant). About 4% chose the implant as a contraceptive method that prevented sexually transmitted diseases (when compared to the condom). Only half of the respondents knew that the contraceptive implant could prevent pregnancy for up to three years. Around 35% did not know the proper use of the oral contraceptives. 65% did not know that a type of copper IUD could remain effective for up to ten years. 21% believed emergency contraception should be used as a regular contraceptive method. Almost half of the respondents believed that prolonged use of contraceptive methods could lead to infertility.

Conclusions:

Mexican adolescents have inadequate knowledge about contraception; many of them believe that the prolonged use of contraceptive methods can cause infertility.

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