Health Status of Seasonal Agricultural Female Workers in Rural Areas of Eskisehir
ESC Congress Library. Özay Ö. May 4, 2016; 126950; A-124
Özkan Özay
Özkan Özay
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Abstract
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Objectives:This study aimed to determine the health status and health related problems of seasonal agricultural femaleworkers in rural areas of Eskisehir and to define the differences from local female residents.

Method:This is a cross-sectional study performed between July and August 2015 on seasonal agricultural female workers working at rural areas of Eskisehir and permanent female residents of that area. There were 7settlements having more than 20 tents.By visiting each tent, 306 female agricultural laborers aged over 18 yearsand 259 randomly selected permanent female residents, who were 18 years or olderwere included in the study.The survey form, prepared by using 'Turkey Demographic and Health Survey' and 'Turkey Burden of Disease' studiesalso included questions about health problems was conducted via face-to-face.The values expected in the study group were calculated by using the rates of health problems of local residents.The comparative disease index was calculated by multiplying the standard population rates with the ratio of expected values to the observed values, and standard error was calculated as the inverse fraction of the square root of observed value (1 / √ observed value).Comparison was made with 95% confidence intervals.

Results:The mean age of seasonal agricultural female workers were34.5±13.2 years (18 to 80 years)and 46.7±16.3 years (18 to 84 years) for local residents.Of the seasonal agricultural female workers; 80.7% were never attended to school,88.9% were married,45.1% had a poor income,21.2% were smokers,40.8% were overweight and 45.1%were vaccinated against tetanus.Being younger than 50 years old, never attending to school and being married were more often among in seasonal agricultural female workers.Smokers, overweight people andbeing vaccinated against tetanus were more frequent inlocal residents. The frequency of  physician diagnosed hypertension,cervical and lumbar disc herniation,asthma, arthritis,diabetes mellitus and anemia were lower among agricultural laborers,while the frequency of oral and dental diseases were higher than the local residents.

 

Conclusions:Seasonal agricultural female workers have difficulties in accessing to health services.It was concluded that health care services should be planned and implemented for female seasonal agriculture workers as soon as possible.

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