The demographic problem of Greece: numbers and scepticism
ESC Congress Library. Grigoriadis C. May 4, 2016; 126952; A-126
Dr. Charalampos Grigoriadis
Dr. Charalampos Grigoriadis
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Abstract
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Objective: The aim of this study was to examine parameters associated with the demographic problem of Greece in order to investigate possible etiological factors and ideal solutions.

Background: Several demographic rates show that Greece has a serious demographic problem. In contrast to the past, when for example the hero of the Greek Revolution of 1821, General Makrygiannis had twelve children, synchronous Greek people seem to be negative to the idea of a large family.

Design & Methods: This was a review study, which tried to collect and analyze parameters associated with the demographic problem of Greece, mainly through the National Statistic data, in order to find useful conclusions about the reasons that led to the problem and its ideal management.

Results: It is true that life expectancy among Greek general population is estimated at 79.8 years (for men at 78.2 and for women at 81.9 years). In addition, infant mortality rate, according to the National Statistic Service, decreased from 29.6/1000 at 1970 to 4.06/1000 at 2004. Also, perinatal mortality rate in Greece is estimated at 6.7/1000. Both infant and perinatal mortality rates are showing declining tendency during the last decades in Greece. These markers, as well as the high life expectancy among Greek population show the high standards of obstetric / perinatal and health care in our country, suggesting that the main reason for the demographic problem of Greece is the very low fertility rate, estimated at 1.35 in Greece, when all studies suggest that the baseline of fertility rate should be the magic number of 2.1. In reality, fertility rate among Greek citizens is lower than 1 (between 0.8-0.9).

Conclusions: The low fertility rate seems to be responsible for the demographic problem of Greece. Social and economical advantages should be given to large families. A national and european politic friendly to large families could be the key to solve this serious problem.

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