Contraception Choices And Affecting Factors of Turkish Woman. Literatüre Review
ESC Congress Library. Simşek Küçükkelepçe D. May 4, 2016; 126955; A-129
Ms. Didem Simşek Küçükkelepçe
Ms. Didem Simşek Küçükkelepçe
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Abstract
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 Objectives: The purpose of this study is to review the studies which are published between January 2010 and November 2015 that is done in order to determine the contraseptive method choices and the influencing factors and to compile the findings obtained from these studies. 

Method: Google Acaemical and Turkish Reference Index are scanned in order to determine family planning method choices of women and the influencing factors. the scan is performed in Turkish language by using 5 keywords which are Familiy planning, contraseptive method, contraception, family planning methods, FP and influencing factors. In the end of the scanning, 11 publications which are proper for the inclusion criteria are estimated within the study.

 Results: According to the 2013 results of Turkey Demographic and Health Survey, while 73% of married women in Turkey is using a contraceptive method, the use of modern and traditional methods is respectively 47 % and 26 %. The prevalence of contraceptive use in the study ranged from 65-80 %. The frequency of use of traditional and modern contraceptive method respectively ranges from 15-37 %, 45-71 %. When we look at women's contraceptive choices; the women's and her husband's education level, socio-economic status, age, her pregnancy numbers, duration of marriage, unwanted pregnancy and abortion history, family sources of information about contraceptive methods, reasons related to the method affect the choice of women contraceptive methods. while women who have low education level prefer the traditional contraceptive methods, women with higher levels of education prefer modern contraceptive methods. Most frequently used traditional contraceptive methods are calendar method, vaginal douche, vaginal foams, gels, suppositories and breastfeeding practices. women who have a history of unwanted pregnancy, abortion, curettage prefer more modern contraceptive methods. Age factor is an important variable in the choice of contraceptive methods. With increasing age, women prefer modern konsraseptif methods and permanent contraception methods are more preferred by women aged 35 and over. Women's sources of information about contraception are health organizations, family, a circle of friends and the media. Women who have health organizations as a source of information preferred modern contraceptive methods while women who have family and friends as a source of information prefer more traditional methods.

 Conclusions: Many factors affect women's choice of contraceptive methods. The usage of a modern method which is reliable and has high protection is affected by women's and her spouse's education level.

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