The effectiveness and acceptability of prolonged implantation of contraception.
ESC Congress Library. Mheryan A. May 4, 2016; 126972; A-146
Anna Mheryan
Anna Mheryan
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Abstract
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Objective. To assess the contraceptive effectiveness and acceptability of prolonged subcutaneous contraceptive that contains 68 mg of etonogestrel (Implanon NCTS®) in women of reproductive age.

Materials and methods. The observation of 48 women aged 19 to 45 years (mean age of women was of 28.0 + 1.7 years) who need effective long-term contraception that meet all the criteria for inclusion and exclusion. Inclusion criteria: reproductive age, the interest in reliable contraception, the absence of contraindications to progestin contraception. Exclusion criteria: contraindications to the use of progestin hormonal contraception medical eligibility criteria the WHO (2009), pregnancy or suspected it, the use of hormonal contraception within the last 3 months, uterine bleeding unclear etiology. Used physical examination, clinical, laboratory, statistical and instrumental methods of examination. The observation period is 1 year.

Results. During the whole observation period in any patient not registered with a pregnancy. Complication during insertion of the implant in the form of hematoma was observed in 1 (2,1%) women. The most common adverse events were changes in the nature of vaginal bleeding. By the end of the first year of using the implant in 11 (22.9%) women was observed amenorrhea, in 17 (35.4 %) experienced occasional spotting, frequent bleeding – 10 (20,8%), prolonged spotting - in 10 (20.8 %). The weight gain on average 2 kg was observed in 2 (4,2%) women. Refused further use of subcutaneous contraceptive during the period of observation - 5 (10,4%) women, mainly due to prolonged and frequent bleeding.

Conclusions. Subcutaneous hormonal implant Implanon NCTS® is an effective and acceptable contraceptive. The most common adverse reactions when using prolonged subcutaneous implant Implanon NCTS® are changing the nature of bleeding, frequency, and duration correlated with the duration of use of contraceptive. The contraceptive implant acceptability is enhanced through counselling prior to prescription of contraceptive.

 

 

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