Rapid assessment of knowledge about modern contraception among urban versus rural population groups in KAZAKHSTAN
ESC Congress Library. Grebennikova G. May 4, 2016; 127020; A-194
Ms. Galina Grebennikova
Ms. Galina Grebennikova
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Methods: Questioning of population (women and men) of reproductive age who live in South-Kazakhstan and Zhambul oblasts (rural population) and Almaty city (urban population) about modern contraception. Results: Of 400 respondents (50% rural and 50% urban population), the age distribution ranged from 24 years old to 34 years old; 60% have married status and 40% have unmarried status; 57,5% respondents have higher education and the rest have secondary level education; 53% have children. The analysis revealed that among rural population 36% of respondents didn't know about contraception, while among urban inhabitants that number indicated 24%; only 30% of rural inhabitants versus 73% of urban inhabitants responded that contraception prevents pregnancy and STIs. Besides, 23% of urban inhabitants and 0,5% of urban inhabitants are against contraception; only 2% of parents from rural areas devoted time for sexual education of their children, while in urban areas 34,5% of parents communicated with their children on sexual aspects. It was identified that the majority of rural population have negative attitude to hormonal methods of contraception - 69%, while in urban area this indicator amounted 40%. The key sources of information about modern contraception were doctors/ pharmacist, mass media and peers for both studied population groups. Conclusion: The study showed lack of knowledge about modern contraception among both urban and rural population groups, however rural population are in need for more attention and efforts in raising awareness and education on modern methods of contraception. Healthcare professionals should target rural areas to deliver IEC specific interventions to improve the level of knowledge and attitude towards modern contraception, including hormonal methods.

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