Health beliefs and breast self-examination among nurses working in university hospital
ESC Congress Library. Özdemir Ö. May 4, 2016; 127059; A-233
Ms. Öznur Özdemir
Ms. Öznur Özdemir
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Abstract
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Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the health beliefs about breast self examination (BSE) of nurses.

Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study included 292 nurses who agreed to participate in the study. The study was performed in a university hospital, Samsun province, in Turkey. The data was collected with a self-report questionnaire form and Turkish version of Champion Health Belief Model Scale (CHBMS).

Results: The average age of nurses in this study was 32.97±7.29 (range 19-56 years ), 79.8% of them was graduated from university, 69.2% of them were married, the average age of menarche was 12.58±2.83. All of nurses had knowledge about breast cancer (BC) and BSE. BSE was practiced 'irregularly' by 63.4 % of nurses, 26.7% of them performed BSE 'regularly'. A fear of developing BC was an incentive for 34.6% of nurses, a necessity was for 47.6% of them to practice BSE. In this study,11.3% of nurses stated that they had breast–related discomfort in the past; 9.6% of them had family members with breast cancer, and 57.9% of them had friends and acquaintances with breast cancer. The average scores of subscales of the CHBMS of nurses were as follows: the susceptibility subscale of nurses was 7.51±2.25; their seriousness subscale score was 22.93±5.46; the benefit subscale was 16.13±4.31; the barrier subscale was 23.15±6.06; the confidence subscale was 36.70±7.58; and their health motivation subscale score was 24.92±5.19. A negative correlation was found between the nurses’ age and the susceptibility subscale score and benefit subscale score of the CHBMS. The susceptibility subscale score of nurses who had family members with breast cancer was higher than other nurses, and the difference was statistically significant (p=0.002). The seriousness subscale score of nurses who had friends and acquaintances with breast cancer was higher than other nurses, and difference was statistically significant (p=0.007). The barrier subscale scores of nurses who practice BSE as regularly were lower than nurses who do not practice BSE regularly, and the difference was statistically significant. The susceptibility subscale scores and health motivation of nurses who practice BSE as regularly were higher than nurses who do not practice BSE regularly, and the difference was statistically significant.

Conclusions: The results indicate the importance of training programs which educate not only nurses but all women about breast cancer, the importance of early diagnosis and regular BSE.

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