Child marriage in Jordan
ESC Congress Library. Alelaiwi S.
May 10, 2018; 208077
Dr. Sawsan Alelaiwi
Dr. Sawsan Alelaiwi
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Abstract
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The study of the child marriage in Jordan has aimed at identifying the rate of spreading of this phenomenon among Jordanians and non-Jordanians, finding out the reasons and its different adverse effects, as well as coming up with recommendations that contribute to the reduction of the child  marriage and its negative impacts, in addition to supporting the design of the most effective national programs that can enhance the positive trends and practices of the community to deal with the phenomenon. To achieve the objectives of the study, the descriptive and analytical approach which combines the quantitative and qualitative method has been adopted by using qualitative and quantitative tools in data collection and analysis through depending and reviewing the annual reports of the Supreme Judge Department, and reading and analyzing the Jordan Population and Housing Census 2015, in addition to the evidence gathered by the focus groups discussion. The results of the study have indicated that there are factors and reasons that forced families to marry off their daughters. Poverty, getting rid of financial responsibilities, and protecting honor of the girl are considered the main reasons that lead to the child marriage, while other reasons have sprung up among most of Syrian families due to custom and traditions, and protection of honor and dignity of the girl because of refugee. The statistical analysis and field research for different target groups revealed that marrying off girls under 18 years is increasing in Jordanian society, where there is a clear rise in the number of marriages of girls who are below 18 years old during 2011-2015; where the ratio rose from 13.7% in 2010 to 15% in 2013. The ratio continued to rise in 2014 and 2015, as the ratios reached (16.2% and 18.1% respectively). The statistical data and field research indicated that early marriage deprives girls of completing their education due to marriage, as well as depriving them of skills development and employment opportunities. The study recommended that there should be a strategy or policies established at the national level to combat child  marriage and its negative effects. Moreover, there is a need to create a supportive environment for community change through outreach of all segments of society, and to encourage media communications that will raise awareness of the negative effects of child  marriage. The study also called for the need to ensure the right to education and  health for all child
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