Evaluation of knowledges of adolescents girls from a rural area from North-Eastern Romania regarding sexual transmitted diseases and prevention of unplanned pregnancy
ESC Congress Library. Anton - Paduraru D. May 10, 2018; 208080; ESC51
Dr. DANA - TEODORA Anton - Paduraru
Dr. DANA - TEODORA Anton - Paduraru
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Abstract
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Objectives. The objective was to assess the knowledge of adolescent girls from a rural zone from North-Eastern Romania regarding sexual transmitted diseases (STDs) and prevention of unplanned pregnancy. Design and methods. We administered a questionnaire which tested the knowledge on conception, contraception and STDs to 534 girls from 7 rural high-schools. Results. The analysis of the adolescents knowledge from monoparental families regarding HIV infection and hepatitis B did'nt reveal significant differences compared to those from biparental families. 81% of adolescents from monoparental families and 74% of those from biparental know at least one STD, and 40%, respectively 44.7% know at least one method of contraception. Only 55% from monoparental families, respectively 59.9% from biparental know that could become pregnant ever since the first sexual intercourse. Catholic adolescents are better informed than the Orthodox about HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and the risk of a pregnancy from first contact (67.2% vs. 56.8%). Orthodox teenagers are better informed about number of STDs known, failing on question in 7.7% compared to 9.5% for Catholics.  Methods of contraception are not known by 33.1% of adolescents, but the knowledge of adolescents whose parents have higher education are better than those with lower-educated parents. The percentage of adolescents whose parents have a low level of education and who don't know a method of contraception is more than 2 times higher compared to adolescents with parents with education over 4 classes (68% vs 32%). 55.3% of adolescents who have discussed with parents don't know any method of contraception compared to 31.8% of those who have discussed. Teenagers who have discussed with their brothers/sisters have a better chance of knowing the existence of STDs, but the number of those who often speak with the brothers is small. Conclusions. Insignificant differences between the knowledge of girls from monoparental families and those from biparental shows that parents and school are not their primary source of information. This raises the risk of finding out wrong information or misunderstanding what STDs represents and their associated risk. Although parents are not dialogue partners for adolescents, the degree of parenting education significantly influences their level of knowledge. Another variable that deserves to be explored is the religion. Emphasis should be placed on the area of ​​lack of information, the identification of erroneous information and their correction through the partnership between doctors, school and pupils, prevention of STDs meaning prevention of pregnancy in adolescents, too.
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