ESC Congress Library. Can Gürkan Ö. May 10, 2018; 208081; ESC52
Mrs. Özlem Can Gürkan
Mrs. Özlem Can Gürkan
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Cervical cancer comes 3rd among female cancers in Turkey. Since the cervix is a easily reachable organ, cervical cancer is a disease that is appropriate for early diagnosis. Cervical cancer should be scanned for through an Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Test to be applied every 5 years. Today, the presence of HPV DNA has been shown in 99.9% of patients with cervical cancer. In the case of the HPV DNA test being negative, the possibility of cervical cancer developing in the following five years is very low. Some types of HPV infection can be avoided through the HPV vaccines approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Objective: Our study was performed in order to evaluate the levels of knowledge of women in Turkey on the HPV disease, HPV vaccines, and the HPV-DNA test. Design and methods: This descriptive, cross sectional study that was completed with total of 839 women who were eager to participate in the study and aged between 18 and 49. This study was performed in the AP unit of a state hospital in Istanbul between December 2016 and April 2017. Data was obtained using a questionnaire evaluating the levels of knowledge of the participants on the HPV disease, HPV vaccines, and the HPV-DNA test. Results: The mean age of the participants was 35.4 ± 10 years, with a mean age of marriage of 19.6 ± 5 years. 32.7% of the participants were elementary school graduates, 12.6% were university graduates, and only 22.8% were employed. 15.3% of the participants had a history of cervical cancer in their family. It was found that 62.7% of the participants didn't know who would have HPV, 66.2% didn't know its mode of transmission, and 66.7% didn't know which diseases it could cause. Only 14.4% of the participants knew there was a relationship between HPV and cervical cancer. 76.6% of the participants stated that they never heard of HPV vaccines. 75.1% of the participants stated that they didn't know what the HPV-DNA test was performed for. Conclusion:  This study has shown that most women didn't have sufficient information on HPV infection, HPV vaccines, and the HPV-DNA test. As a result of the findings, it is suggested that public educations should be arranged, brochures should be prepared, materials should be developed, and public spots should be prepared so that women can be informed on the subject.
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