Turkey's Reproductive Health Situation through Sustainable Development Goals
ESC Congress Library. Nergiz A. May 10, 2018; 208085; ESC62
Ali İhsan Nergiz
Ali İhsan Nergiz
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Abstract
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Objective: In order to achieve a healthier society goal, the right planning of the reproductive health services is very important. On September 2015, countries adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as part of 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. SDGs include a specific health goal: 'Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages' (SDG3). There are indicators related to ‘reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health' in SDG3. As a member of the United Nations, Turkey also aims to achieve SDGs including reproductive health areas. Design and methods: This study used available data from the World Health Statistics 2017 and 2013 Turkey Demographic and Health Survey. WHO has identified 9 indicators about reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health. The rankings were based on 53 countries in WHO European Region. Besides the current ranking we showed Turkey's change in this indicators between 1993 and 2013. Results: Adolescent birth rate: Turkey ranked above the average and rate has decreased 5.6% in twenty years Births attended by skilled health personnel: Turkey ranked below the average and rate has increased by 21% in twenty years. Child stunting: Turkey ranked above the average and rate has decreased by 15.6% in twenty years. Child wasting: Turkey ranked below the average and rate has decreased by 2.1% in twenty years. Maternal mortality: Turkey ranked around the average and rate has decreased 48 per 100.000 live births in twenty years. Met need for family planning: Turkey ranked below the average and rate has decreased by 9% in twenty years. Neonatal mortality: Turkey ranked above the average and rate has decreased by 22‰ in twenty years. Under-five mortality: Turkey ranked above the average and rate has decreased by 17‰ in twenty years Vaccine coverage: Turkey ranked above the average and we do not know the change of rate. Conclusions: Turkey's situation about reproductive, newborn and child health seems far from perfect but Turkey has a considerable history of health protection and development. In all indicators Turkey showed positive developments and the changes are continuing. On its way to 2030, Turkey's reproductive health policies and reforms should be based on pre-defined indicators and priority areas, with sustainable partnerships to achieve health in all policies.
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