Adolescents, Relationships and Sexual health: Results of an Italian survey (ARS Study)
ESC Congress Library. Dei M. May 10, 2018; 208109; ESC114 Disclosure(s): No conflict of interest in connection with this study that has been completed witout any grant.
Dr. Metella Dei
Dr. Metella Dei
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Objective: the Italian Society of Paediatric and Adolescent Gynaecology had promoted a survey on healthy adolescent girls attending Adolescent Health Services or Paediatric and Adolescent Units to analyse the quality of family relationships, other sources of health information, the care of physical fitness, and their impact on sexual protective behaviours. Design and methods: a specific questionnaire has been designed including questions related to sociodemographic data, communication with parents and other significant relationships, use of technologies, body self-perception and acceptance, sexuality related knowledge and protective behaviours.  A cross sectional evaluation of the answers of 381 young girls (under 20 years of age) has been performed using a descriptive analysis and then correlations between selected items and a multivariate analysis. Results: a good relationship with the mother and the ease to speak with her about sexuality as well as school continuation and the access to specific information are well-known protective factor for sexual health. Anyway, in our results, a significant percentage of girls having these opportunities failed to protect themselves at the first intercourse and later. Excessive attention to body image issues is a relevant risk factor. Items related to social disadvantage and to growth in poor emotional environment are also linked to difficulties in taking care of themselves. Conclusions: considering our findings in comparison with previous national and international researches on this topic, future adolescent health promotion interventions should target additional risk factors and offer new resources.
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