Significant events in women's sexual lives in Romania
ESC Congress Library. Nanu M. May 10, 2018; 208177; ESC276
Mrs. Michaela Nanu
Mrs. Michaela Nanu
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Abstract
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Objective: This study is aiming to analyze the sexual behavior of women with emphasis on the first intercourse, first pregnancy, and first delivery. Design and Methods: the data of the reproductive health study performed on a representative sample of women age 15-45 in 2016 will be analyzed. This is a transversal descriptive study targeting   women through direct interview. The results of this study were compared with the data of other studies on reproductive health performed in Romania in 1999 and 2004.  Results: 91% of participants in this study reported having at least one sexual experience without any significant difference between urban or rural settings. More than 50% of young women reported having their first intercourse between age 15-19. Between age 20-24 women were more likely to either be married or cohabit with a partner, (with a similar percentage between these two categories). The average age for women in the sample group who reported being married or cohabiting is 21.6 years. On average the women in the sample group became sexually active approximately 3 years before committing themselves to marriage or cohabitation. The highest percentage of interviewed women were 20-24 years of age during their first pregnancy. Considering the median age of the ‘first' events: the median age of sexual intercourse is age 18, the median age of cohabitation/marriage is age 21, and the median age of first pregnancy is age 23. Comparing this 2016 data to previous studies shows women in Romania are becoming sexually active at younger ages than in the past. In 2016 less than 20% of young women age 15-24 do not have any sexual experience compared with 50% in 1999, and 4,2 % of young women became sexually active before age 15 versus 2.1% in 1999. Despite the earlier onset of sexual activity there are no differences in the median age of marriage between 2016 and 1999. Conclusion: In Romania the time between the first intercourse to the first delivery increased compared to 1999. This statistic emphasizes the importance of modern contraception in family planning.   There are no conflicts of interest. 
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