Sexuality and family planning of young women in Romania
ESC Congress Library. Nanu M. May 10, 2018; 208178; ESC278
Mrs. Michaela Nanu
Mrs. Michaela Nanu
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Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze several aspects of the sexual activity and contraceptive use of young women age 15-24. Methods: This study is one component of a descriptive transversal study conducted in 2016 through direct interviews with a representative sample of young women living in Romania. Results:  67% of the sample group have had sexual experiences. 22.5% have given birth to one or more children. About half of the young women (49,9 %) became sexually active between 15 and 19 years of age. Some in the sample group had sexual intercourse before age 15. This occurred predominantly in impoverished rural areas with poor education. In most cases the woman's first sexual experience occurred with a boyfriend or a lover in the boyfriend/lover's apartment. More than half of the young women declared using at least one contraceptive method at some point in their lives. (Some of the women interviewed used contraception during their first sexual intercourse). The most frequently reported contraceptive methods are condoms followed by oral contraceptives (26,7% and 12,7% respectively). Interviewed women preferred modern in contrast to traditional methods of contraceptives, (44,6% preferred modern methods and 3,1% preferred traditional methods).   Despite modern methods of contraception being preferred to traditional ones, traditional methods such as coitus interruptus are still popular in practice. The reason being modern methods are associated with higher cost, lower accessibility, and/or the partner's negative opinion. Young women who never used contraception gave several reasons for not doing so: They expressed a desire to become pregnant they are currently pregnant they are breastfeeding They are afraid of the side effects   Their partner/s reject the use of contraception Condom use is considered unattractive to the woman and/or their partner  The failure to use contraceptives during the first intercourse can be attributed to several factors: Lack of knowledge about contraceptives The intercourse was unexpected The couple didn't have a condom at their disposal Young women learn about contraception from their gynecologist, family doctor, partner, and/or mother. Conclusion:  Women need to be empowered with information through sexual education beginning in early puberty to fully understand the benefits, risks, and costs of using contraception. Young women living in urban areas prefer modern contraceptive methods for pregnancy prevention. There are no conflicts of interest. 
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