Trends in contraception in Romania
ESC Congress Library. Nanu M.
May 10, 2018; 208179
Mrs. Michaela Nanu
Mrs. Michaela Nanu
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Abstract
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Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the methods of contraception used by fertile women in Romania. Design and methods: This study was done on a sample group which constituted 5051 women throughout Romania. 1971 of these women reported being sexually active within the last 30 days. This was a descriptive transversal study preformed through direct interviews using a questionnaire in the frame of the 2016 Reproductive Health Study as commissioned by the Ministry of Health and the National Institute for Mother and Child Health (INSMC) targeting fertile women age 15-45. Results: 93,8% of sexually active women used at least one contraceptive method at some point in their lives. (84% used one modern method and 67% used traditional methods). 55,8% of sexually active women used contraception within the last month. In the month of reference 44% of women reported using modern contraceptive methods and 12% reported using traditional methods. Condoms were the most used contraceptive method followed by oral contraceptives. 67% of sexually active women have used condoms at least once and 17% are current users of the condoms. Oral contraceptives were used at least once by 46% of sexually active women and 13% are current users in the last month. 6,2% of interviewed women have undergone a tubal ligation procedure. There is no correlation in the prevalence of use of contraception and marital status, (between unmarried women, cohabiting women, or married women). Socioeconomic and educational factors with a direct impact on women and their partners influence contraceptive use in Romania. Recent data (2016) when compared with older data (1993, 1999, 2005) suggests an increase in the use of contraceptives. Modern contraceptive methods are becoming more popular while use of traditional methods are declining. Condoms are the preferred method of contraception during the year of this study (2016). The data also shows and increase in fallopian tube ligation procedures. Conclusions: There is a positive trend in the use of contraception among fertile women in Romania. Modern contraception is preferred to traditional methods. Contraception (especially modern methods) are used less by disadvantaged women. There are no conflicts of interests. 
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