Obtaining Information about Contraception among Latvian Women at the Age between 18-40
ESC Congress Library. Baumane - Auza D. May 11, 2018; 208254; ESC86
Dr. Dita Baumane - Auza
Dr. Dita Baumane - Auza
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Abstract
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Objective(s). This is a randomized, stratified and qualitative study - an anonymous survey carried out with the support of the ESC, in 2016, among 2000 women at the age between 18-40. The survey is based on the results of the previous study, carried out in 2014 by the Psychosomatic and Reproductive Health Development Foundation of Latvia, where was found out that the main reasons for non-usage of safe contraception. The purpose of the current survey is to find out reasons for the negative attitude of doctors and patients towards various contraception methods and the measures to be taken to change it. Design and methods. The survey was carried out in three stages. 1. Elaboration of the theoretical basis and a structure of the questionnaire. 2. Double testing of the survey items through empiric pilot studies in order to determine self-validity and content validity and to provide psychometric analysis of the survey items. 3. Implementation of the study: randomized, stratified sample; psychometric analysis of the items. Results. Five basic factors were defined: 1. Doctors' recommendations play statistically significant role in awareness and choice of the hormonal contraception. 2. Information about contraception has been provided at schools in the cities more than at schools in rural areas. Thanks to the education at schools, perception of contraceptives and their prices is more favourable; more attention is paid to doctors' opinion and information in the Internet is sought lesser. 3. An idea about the contraceptives is being formed grounding mostly on information obtained in the Internet. 4. Evaluation of the prices for contraceptives. 5. Respondents' percept about side effects when using hormonal contraception is based on information obtained from doctors, in the Internet, during conversations with friends and from personal experience. Conclusions. 1. Insufficient information about contraceptives at schools facilitates formation of negative attitude towards hormonal contraception in the society and in the Internet. 2. It is crucial to continue education on advantages, disadvantages and safety of various contraceptives at schools, as well as among doctors and in the society as the whole by using professional information sources. 3. Respondents form rural areas rely upon the doctors' viewpoint more and seek information in the Internet less than the ones from the cities. Therefore, doctors, especially in the cities, should talk more to their patients about the safety of various contraceptives in order to avoid situations when the latter seek information in the Internet.
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